Jaundice is caused when an excess of waste material called bilirubin remains in the bloodstream after iron is separated from the blood. It is usually caused due to an underlying condition.
Now the bilirubin containing blood travels to the liver, wherein all the toxic materials are separated from the blood. The liver then creates bile juice, which also contains bilirubin, which is later on excreted by the body. However, in some cases, extra bilirubin is created, which can enter the surrounding tissues of the liver and spread, this then causes the skin to turn yellow, and the condition is called hyperbilirubinemia.
If you are looking for a more detailed explanation as to what are the causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention of jaundice, continue reading the article below.
Causes Of Jaundice
Usually, there a pre-existing condition within your body that causes jaundice. Such conditions either make the liver produce too much bilirubin or stop the substance from leaving the liver. In both such cases, the substance may leak into other tissues of the body. Some of the causes of jaundice are-
- Acute inflammation of the liver: This condition could result in the inability of the liver to conjugate or secrete bilirubin, which ends up building up within the liver.
- Inflammation or obstruction of the bile duct: These both can result in either hampering the secretion of bilirubin or obstructing the conjugation of bilirubin.
- Hemolytic anemia: Bilirubin is created when large red blood cells are broken down and that too in large quantities.
- Gilbert’s Syndrome: The syndrome is an inherited syndrome and hampers the ability of the enzymes present to process excretion of bile.
- Cholestasis: In this condition, the flow of the bile from the liver is restricted, and the bilirubin ends up remaining in the liver.
- Crigler- Najjar Syndrome: The syndrome is usually inherited and hampers the ability to produce the enzyme that can process bilirubin.
- Dubin Johnson Syndrome: This syndrome is also inherited, and it hampers the ability of the conjugated bilirubin from leaving the walls of the liver.
- Pseudojaundice: This is not something to worry about; this just looks like jaundice; however, it is caused due to excess of beta carotene. Therefore, you may notice a yellow tinge but remember that it is not jaundice.
As mentioned above, it is the excess of bilirubin produced by the liver that causes the yellow tinge that has been termed as jaundice. Below is the article; we have mentioned some common and uncommon symptoms of jaundice.
- Common Symptoms
- Yellow sting
- Pale stool
- Dark urine
- Uncommon symptoms
- Abdominal pain
Treatment Of Jaundice
As mentioned in the introducing paragraph, jaundice develops due to an underlying condition. Therefore, its treatment is focused on curing the underlying condition. Treatment of jaundice is done in the following ways-
- By boosting the amount of iron in blood: Jaundice that is caused due to anemia can be treated by boosting the intake of iron into the body. By having foods rich in iron or by taking iron supplements.
- Steroid or antiviral medications: Such medication is useful to treat hepatitis induced jaundice.
- Surgery: If the jaundice is caused due to an obstruction development, the person can undergo surgery to take out such an obstruction.
- Changing to alternative medicines: If the medication one is taking for may reasons are causing them to develop jaundice, the best option would be to find alternatives.
Prevention Of Jaundice
When the liver function is compromised, a person may develop jaundice. The liver helps in breaking down the blood and removing wastes, which are present along with the nutrients in the blood. Therefore, it is pertinent that the organ is taken care of. The following tips can help in the prevention of jaundice–
- Healthy balanced diet: A balanced healthy diet is what is required to keep the liver healthy. Having food rich in nutrients can help in keeping jaundice healthy as less waste material will be produced.
- Exercising regularly: Exercising regularly allows for the toxins to leave your body in the form of sweat. Since bilirubin is a toxic material, it can also be excreted in the same manner.
- Limited amounts of alcohol: When the liver tries to break down the chemicals present in alcohol, they end up damaging the cells in the liver. Therefore, it is necessary to limit your drinking.
The liver is like a processing unit for the body. The liver processes all the food that has been digested and which has entered the bloodstream. It through chemical reactions separates toxic material from the nutrients present in the blood and distributes it to the rest of the body. Therefore to practice a lifestyle of Everything Health, you will have to ensure that you to do everything that will keep your liver healthy.