Hypertension, known as High blood pressure is when the pressure within the arteries of the human body, which carry blood to all parts of the human body is constantly and abnormally elevated.
Everyone, while visiting the doctor, has at least once had his or her blood pressure checked. We know the normal blood pressure of an adult should be in the range of 120/80. However, what does this 120/80 mean? The 120 stands for a normal pressure of pumping by the heart called the upper systolic pressure, and 80 stands for a normal pressure of rest between the pumps called the lower diastolic pressure.
To know more about the stages of hypertension, it’s causes, treatment and prevention continue to read the aforementioned sections.
Stages Of Hypertension
When a person makes a visit to the doctor regarding hypertension. He or she may be diagnosed with one of the 4 stages of hypertension.
- Pre-hypertension: Also known as STAGE 1 of hypertension. A person has pre-hypertension if his blood pressure is within the range of 120/80 to 139/89.
- Mild hypertension: Also known as STAGE 2 of hypertension. A person has mild hypertension if his blood pressure is within the range of 140/90 to 159/99.
- Moderate hypertension: Also known as STAGE 3 of hypertension. A person has moderate hypertension if his blood pressure is within the range of 160/100 to 179/109.
- Severe hypertension: Also known as STAGE 4 of hypertension. A person has severe hypertension if his blood pressure is within the range of 180/110 or blood pressure higher than that.
The stage of pre-hypertension can cause a person to develop high blood pressure. If not treated or prevented, it can actually lead to problems such as kidney failure or heart failure.
Causes of hypertension
Usually, it is very difficult to pinpoint the exact reason for which a person has hypertension. However, the below mentioned are a few common High Blood Pressure Causes.
- Family history: A person can have hypertension if the problem runs in the family.
- Age: People who are above the age of 35 are more likely to have hypertension.
- Gender: Hypertension is more probable in men than in women.
- Smoking: Smoking can also cause a person’s blood pressure to increase.
- Race: Africans and Asians are more likely to have high blood pressure when compared to Americans.
There are no early Symptoms Of Hypertension. That’s why it has been given the name of being a ‘silent killer.’ Ensure that you get a medical checkup done at least once a year to ensure that everything within your body is functioning well. In plenty of cases, hypertension or high blood pressure is only deducted when the person starts to have problems in his kidneys, heart, etc.
Treatment For Stages Of Hypertension
It is said that 1 out of every 5 people has high blood pressure or hypertension. The Best treatment for stages of hypertension is to go on blood pressure lowering medications. However, these medications can only help if a person himself keeps control of such activities that can increase blood pressure.
Therefore, to help treat and prevent hypertension, one will have to make certain lifestyle changes such as-
- Maintaining a weight that is healthy
- Indulging in physical activities
- Not indulging in the use of tobacco
- Limiting the consumption amount of alcohol if it is being consumed on a daily or a frequent basis.
- Having good and healthy eating habits.
One doctor can also work out with them a plan to maintain healthy blood pressure. Further steps one can take are-
- Keeping the blood pressure on a constant checkup and immediately visiting the doctor if it goes beyond the limit of 140/90.
- Keep a record of the constant blood pressure readings and during a visit to the doctor, present it to him.
- Do not skip any of the medications that have been prescribed.
- If all the precautions are adhered to and yet the blood pressure remains high, ask for examination for other stages of hypertension and if deducted, ensure that there are changes in the treatment plan that has been worked out by the doctor.
As mentioned above, hypertension is a ‘silent killer.’ To ensure that you are able to live up to the lifestyle of Everything Health, get yourself checked medically at least once a year. The treatment and prevention of hypertension are usually based on making certain lifestyle changes and adhering to them. If a person’s hypertension is not controlled, they may be at risk of heart failure, kidney failure, blindness, etc.