Detection of skin cancer in its early stages can be very beneficial to the person who has it. It can be treated with radiation and one will not have to go through surgery. Early detection in cases of severe skin cancers can help to avoid disfigurement as well as death.
It is also advisable to consult doctor about the level of risk you have to get skin cancer and how to go about detecting skin cancer. It is very important that you know your skin, as this can help you detect any changes in your skin as skin cancers rarely hurt and it is the changes that are the first and foremost symptom of skin cancer.
Different types of skin cancer
Many of us are not aware as to many types of skin cancer and this knowledge is important as different kinds of skin cancer have different symptoms. Below are mentioned the three main types of skin cancer-
- Modular melanoma
- Basal cell carcinoma
- Squamous cell carcinoma
Risk Factors Of Skin Cancer
Skin cancer primarily develops on those areas of the skin which are exposed to sunlight and fair skinned people are more likely to get affected by the sun. However, this does not mean that dark toned people are not at risk of skin cancer. Below are mentioned certain risk factors of skin cancer which can be the causes of skin cancer.
- Fair skin: Any person can develop skin cancer. However, fair-skinned people are at a higher risk due to their skin being more sensitive to UV radiation.
- History of sunburns: If you have had severe sunburns, it increases the chances of skin cancer as well.
- Excessive sun exposure: Sun has harmful UV rays and without proper protection, people who find themselves out in the sun a lot have a higher risk of developing skin cancer.
- Sunny or high altitude climates: people in sunny climates are more exposed to the sun in comparison to person’s living in colder places. This increases the risk of skin cancer as well.
- Moles: If you have many moles on your body, it can increase the risk of skin cancer.
- Precancerous skin lesions: Skin lesions can also cause skin cancer.
- Family history: Family history of skin cancer can be a contributing factor towards one getting skin cancer.
- Personal history: If you have had skin cancer before, it may return.
- Exposure to radiation: Exposure to radiation therapy for any reason also increases the risk of skin cancer.
- Weak immune system: Weak immune system is not able to fight off harmful UV rays which increase the risk of skin cancer.
- Exposure to certain substances: Certain substance like arsenic can also cause skin cancer.
Signs of skin cancer
As mentioned, there are different kinds of skin cancer. These cancers have different symptoms attached to them. However, there are a few common symptoms of skin cancer which if you notice, you should visit your doctor immediately.
- New spots or existing spots that change shape, color, size etc.
- Spots that form on areas that are not normally exposed to the sun.
- Pre-cancerous skin lesions.
- Bleeding and scabbing sores.
- Painful skin lesions.
- Dark lesions on the soles or the palms or in the mouth or near the rectal area.
Skin Cancer Prevention
Skin cancer can affect any person, even if they have not introduced themselves to the risk factors of skin cancer. You can use the following tips to reduce the risk of risk of skin cancer.
- Avoid the sun during middle of the day: The middle of the day is when the sun is the most dangerous in respect of UV rays, therefore avoid going in the sun during that time.
- Wear sunscreen: Sunscreen can help deflect a lot of bad radiation coming from the sun.
- Wear protective clothing: Sunscreen do not always do the job, dress yourself in clothing that protects the major areas of your skin.
- Avoid tanning beds: Tanning beds emit a lot of radiation which can cause skin cancer.
- Be aware of sun sensitizing medication: Some common drugs can make your skin sensitive to the sun. Make sure you are aware of such medication and act accordingly.
- Consult the doctor in case of any changes noticed: If you notice any changes on your skin which seems even a bit abnormal, consult your doctor immediately.
Skin cancer is a type of Cancer that can affect any person. However, taking precautions can help reduce the risk of developing skin cancer and make sure that you consult your doctor immediately in case you notice any difference in your skin.