Cancer is a deadly disease. Out of all the cancers, breast cancer has been proven to be one of the most prevalent ones. So far, it was considered that breast cancer occurs in women. But, male breast cancer is also a type of cancer that forms in the breast tissue of men.
Usually, older men are prone to breast cancer, but it could also happen to younger men. It is rare cancer that is not easily diagnosed in men.
Early diagnosis of breast cancer in men have a good chance of getting treated. Treatments for Male Breast Cancer include breast tissue removal, chemotherapy, or surgery. In this article, we will know the different signs and symptoms of Male Breast Cancer, its causes, and treatments.
Signs And Symptoms Of Male Breast Cancer
Breast cancer in men and Breast Cancer In Women show similar symptoms. The intensity of these signs may vary, but the core remains the same.
A few signs and symptoms of male breast cancer are as follows:
- Formation of a lump in the breast tissue. A thick lump could be felt which may or may not be painless.
- The nipple area changes coloring. You may observe a rash on the nipple area or scale on the skin surrounding the breast.
- You may observe white discharge or reddish colored discharge from your nipple.
These are the three main symptoms of male breast cancer. If you observe one or all of these continuously, it is time to see a doctor.
Male Breast Cancer Causes
Although there is no clear explanation of what is the exact cause of Male Breast Cancer. Breast cancer usually occurs when breast cells divide and form lumps or tumors. These tumors are formed either in the tissue or lymph nodes.
From birth, both men and women have breast tissues consisting of milk ducts, milk-producing glands, and nipples. Men stop developing breasts further post-puberty, but the tissue exists. This increases the possibilities of developing breast cancer. They could develop cancer cells in the milk-producing glands and ducts. This is known as ductal and lobular carcinoma. Most of the men suffer from ductal carcinoma as compared to lobular carcinoma.
Some causes or Risk Factors Of Breast Cancer that increase the chances of developing it are as follows:
- Genetic Inheritance – If men inherit abnormal genes from parents, chances of developing breast cancer increases. A family history of cancer is like a red alert. Talk to your doctor and get genetic testing done to avoid any future complications.
- Age – Male breast cancer is diagnosed in men over their 50s and 60s. The risk of developing cancer increases as you grow old.
- Drugs – Any medicines or drugs that increase oestrogen in your body could lead to the development of breast cancer cells.
- Increase in oestrogen – Apart from drugs, oestrogen levels can increase in a person by diseases like Klinefelter’s syndrome. In this condition, men naturally produce more oestrogen than androgen. This is because of an extra X chromosome. Such conditions increase the risk of developing male breast cancer.
- Weight issues – Obesity is often linked with breast cancer, even in women. When there are a sudden gain in weight, oestrogen level increases in the body.
Treatments For Male Breast Cancer
There are different treatment options available for male breast cancer. A few common treatment methods involved as per the stage of cancer are mentioned below:
1. Tumor removal surgery – The surgery is done to remove the tumor that develops in the breast tissue. Either the complete breast tissue is removed, including the nipples or a few lymph are removed where the tumor is growing. This is done in the early Stages Of Breast Cancer.
2. Radiations – In this treatment method, radiations are used to kill the cells that could be cancerous. Radiation therapy is used after surgery to remove any remaining cells that could form a lump again. Radiations are used for cancer stages that have gone beyond the second stage.
3. Chemotherapy – It is the most sought after treatments for male breast cancer. Chemotherapy is used to kill cancer cells. In this method, strong chemical drugs are used. Chemo is usually used for cancer patients in the third or final stage of the disease.
Male Breast cancer is a rare cancer type, but it exists. It is as serious as breast cancer in women and could be fatal. If you show any symptoms, there is no harm in consulting a doctor right away. Men who were detected with prostate cancer have a higher risk of developing breast cancer as well. Ensure that you do not take any of the above symptoms lightly. As mentioned above, cancer can be cured in the early stages.