Are you allergic to dust, pollen grains or certain fragrances? If yes, you may have chances of developing asthma. Asthma is a respiratory condition in which the airway swells and narrows down producing extra mucus. This can lead to shortness of breath. It also triggers coughing, wheezing and sneezing in certain situations.
Asthma can be a serious problem for many individuals. It can hamper daily activities. In some cases, it may lead to a life-threatening asthma attack. Unfortunately, there is no permanent cure for asthma. But, it is possible to control asthma if you could identify its symptoms and triggers.
As per doctors, asthma trigger change over time. It is important for you and your doctor to identify your signs and symptoms of asthma to treat them accordingly.
Below, are few common triggers, symptoms, and treatments of asthma for your reference!
Causes Of Asthma
Asthma can happen to anyone and anywhere. There are no clear reasons why certain situations or smell can trigger an asthma attack for some individuals. Mostly a combination of environmental factors and inheritance are responsible for such sudden attacks.
For instance, an allergy to pollen grains could trigger an asthma attack in an individual while someone else is completely immune to it.
How Does Asthma Develop?
There are many factors that contribute to developing asthma. Some of the common factors include genetic inheritance, allergic conditions, obesity, passive and active smoking, and exposure to harmful chemicals and pollutants.
To fully understand the causes of asthma, you should also know the various irritants that trigger allergies in your respiratory tract. Below are a few substances that could cause an asthma attack.
- Pollen, dust, mold spores, animal waste are some airborne substances which are common asthma triggers.
- Infections like common cold or cough.
- Cold air or thin air density.
- Excessive physical activity.
- Air pollutants (like dust, particulate matter, and smoke).
- Medicines like aspirin.
- Stress (both mental and physical).
- Respiratory infections, such as the common cold.
- Chemicals used in paints, insecticides, etc.
Asthma triggers vary from person to person. It is essential to keep a record of substances affecting your respiratory tract. Maintain a diary writing the signs and symptoms of asthma when you encounter any of the above triggers.
Signs And Symptoms Of Asthma
Asthma could be minor for a few individuals while it could be life-threatening for some. The intensity and symptoms vary from person to person. Your asthma attacks could be infrequent. You could show symptoms of asthma only during certain times – like when you are exposed to a trigger agent or you are involved in heavy physical exercises.
Some common signs and symptoms of Asthma include:
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Shortness of breath.
- Pain in chest or tightness.
- Constant coughing, wheezing or sneezing.
Identifying these signs and symptoms of asthma at an early stage can help in controlling asthma attacks. As there are no other cures to completely get rid of asthma, it is essential to know both the signs of asthma and the causes of it.
Treatment Of Asthma
Knowing the signs and triggers of asthma are the key to control asthma attacks. As asthma conditions keep changing, doctors may prescribe different medicines from time to time. Apart from inhalers and other long-term medicines to control an asthma attack, there are a few things you could do to prevent an asthma attack.
- Avoid Your Triggers – The most efficient way to control an asthma attack is by avoiding the triggers. If you have an asthma attack due to environmental factors, stay away from the pollutants or chemicals. You could also do some easy remedies to keep away from triggers. For instance, clean your house regularly to reduce dust, pollen grains, and spores.
- Be Fit – Physical exercise could be a trigger but moderate exercising is important in controlling your asthma attack. Maintaining a healthy diet also plays a key role.
- Action Plan – Make an action plan with your doctor. Write the allergies and triggers that could cause an asthma attack. Decide on the treatment if you encounter any of the triggers.
Asthma could be very stressful. But, it could be controlled effectively if you are aware of the triggers. Do not be hesitant to talk about asthma to your family and friends. Meet a doctor if you observe any of the above signs and symptoms of asthma. Asthma could be controlled and you could live without any interference.