Diabetes that occurs in ladies during pregnancy is called Gestational Diabetes. This state of diabetes indicates that your blood sugar level is getting high, whereas it was normal before you were pregnant. During pregnancy, a woman’s body goes through a major transformation; hormonal changes occur in the body that affects metabolism and the entire bodily system.
With these changes, some women witness a significant hike in their blood sugar level, that is Gestational Diabetes. Well! Let us tell you that if you are pregnant and are facing a sudden rise in your sugar level, then you should immediately consult with a doctor. However, there is nothing to be a worry as this can be cured with the help of a doctor. It won’t create any hurdle, and you can still have a healthy child.
Everything Health is going to explain the causes, symptoms, risk factors, and treatment of diabetes during pregnancy.
Causes Of Diabetes During Pregnancy
During pregnancy, there is a high tendency of huge hormonal imbalances in the body. Placenta’s presence in your body brings an increase in the glucose levels in the blood. This is the major cause of diabetes because, when the glucose levels increase, the insulin cannot handle the sudden increase.
Risk Factors Of Diabetes During Pregnancy
There are few potential risk factors of diabetes during pregnancy.
- Macrosomia: It is a risky condition where your unborn kid has grown too large in your womb. It happens due to the excess amount of insulin crossing the placenta. It is harmful to both mother and kid. An over-grown baby makes pregnancy way too painful for the lady. It doesn’t cause pain only during pregnancy but also makes vaginal delivery a bad experience. In this situation, doctors generally prefer sezeryan baby instead of a vaginal delivery.
- Hypoglycemia: It is a situation where the blood sugar level goes down. This situation occurs right after the delivery. This can develop shortly after birth due to high insulin levels during pregnancy. The only way to avoid the risk of hypoglycemia is to keep strict control of your blood sugar level during pregnancy.
- Jaundice is a serious disease which can occur due to the high sugar level during pregnancy. If jaundice occurs during pregnancy, it can become really risky for both the kid and mother. To avoid jaundice during pregnancy, consult your pediatric who can assist you with a plan to avoid this condition for you and your newborn kid.
Symptoms Of Diabetes During Pregnancy
There are no different symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy. Most of the pregnant ladies come to know this during routine pregnancy screening tests. However, we have still categorized some common symptoms on the basis of our research:
- Having blurry eye vision
- Experiencing unexplained fatigue
- Feeling thirstier than often
- Experience the need to pee more
- Not feeling hungry at all
- Eating portions that are too small
- Overexerting yourself physically
- Sudden mood swings
Treatment Of Diabetes During Pregnancy
It is always better to discuss a doctor for these situations. You may have to take extra care, apart from the medication that the doctor prescribes. These extra cares could include:
- Measure your blood sugar levels a few times in a day – maybe 3 or 4 times
- Ketones control is another important aspect – you can keep a tab of your urine frequency, and this will help you to have a number to report to your doctor
- A healthy and nutritious diet is very important.
- Make a routine of diet, eating habits, exercise – make one, and follow it
- Keep watch on your weight gain or Weightloss – anything off track, report it to your doctor
- Also, get your insulin levels checked frequently
Diabetes during pregnancy can be normal in some cases, but it is better always to consult your doctor if you notice even a minor change in your body during pregnancy. You should never avoid symptoms of diabetes during pregnancy as it is directly related to the health of your child. However, there is nothing to be worried as it can be treated with easy medications. On the other hand, if you have diabetes before becoming pregnant, it is better first to control your diabetes for a few months and then plan your pregnancy. If you suddenly become diabetic during pregnancy, it is a different case, but when you know you’re already diabetic, it is better to plan things and process accordingly.