Food poisoning is alternatively known as foodborne illness. The most common reason for one to get prone to this is when the food you eat is not accepted by the body, due to contamination. It could come from eating leftover food that gets infectious. Bacteria, viruses, and parasites contain harmful toxins that are the main reason that contaminates food. That is why it is suggested that you shall never eat food that is older than a few days or is not cooked in a hygienic place.
While food poisoning could be considered a common disorder, as it is related to food, yet it is preventable too. People who are at a higher risk of this kind of poisoning are kids and pregnant woman, as their immune systems are usually more sensitive than the others. Also, people who are already suffering from other health issues could also be prone to this frequently. That is why Everything Health brings to how to diagnose food poisoning and prevention of food poisoning.
Food Poisoning Diagnosis
Diagnosing food poisoning is not tough. In common cases, doctors diagnose food poisoning with common symptoms such as vomiting and diarrhea. But in some special cases, the symptoms can be different depending on the source of food contamination. Here are some symptoms of food poisoning that helps to diagnose food poisoning:
- Dizziness and Tiredness
- Watery or Blood Diarrhea
- Pain and cramps in abdomen
- Pain in liver
These symptoms often become visible within a few hours of eating contaminated food, and you can diagnose it yourself. But some infectious organisms may attack your body after 5-7 days or even after weeks of eating contaminated food. These symptoms keep troubling the person for some hours to a few days. So, it is better to visit a doctor whenever you face any of the above symptoms.
When food poisoning is serious?
If not treated properly, this common Symptom Of Food Poisoning can also turn into a dangerous illness. There are some serious symptoms of food poisoning given below:
- Frequent vomiting and inability to consume even liquid foods.
- Sometimes, these normal vomiting can turn into bloody vomiting.
- Bloody and frequent stool.
- Diarrhea and vomiting for more than three days.
- Extreme stiffness in the abdomen and uncontrollable pain or frequent cramping.
- If fever crosses 100.4 F (38 C) in food poisoning, it might be risky.
- Dehydration or feeling too thirsty than a regular day.
- Unfrequent or little or no urine.
- Some neurological symptoms can also occur, such as unstable vision, weakness in muscles, and arms.
If you face any of the above symptoms, you are advised to visit your doctor immediately as these are not normal symptoms and can cause you further trouble. If you treat your food poisoning at the initial stage, then you can easily avoid the above-mentioned symptoms.
Risk-Factors Of Food Poisoning
The risk factors of food poisoning are determined on several bases, such as the nature of organisms, the amount of exposure to the organism, the age of suffering, and the previous health conditions. However, some groups of the individual are at higher risk, which includes:
- People Already Having Chronic Disease: People with some chronic disease generally have a weak liver, which makes them prone to food poisoning. Diseases like such as Diabetes, Liver Disease, or AIDS, Cancer are at higher risk of food poisoning.
- Newborn and young kids: As the newborn and young children’s immune system take time to develop, they can also face food poisoning quite often.
- Pregnant Ladies: During pregnancy, the body goes through major changes. Changes in metabolism can increase the risk of food poisoning in pregnant ladies. In some serious cases, food poisoning in pregnant ladies may also affect the baby.
- Older people: Older people are always at higher risk of food poisoning because their immune system becomes weaker with age.
Prevention of Food Poisoning
Food poisoning is as easy as common it is. It can be easily avoided with some easy prevention techniques. Below are ways to prevent food poisoning:
- Always wash your hands before eating
- Wash your utensils properly.
- Always wash your food surfaces before processing it.
- Never keep raw food and ready-to-eat food together.
- Avoid eating half cooked food.
- Cook your food at advised temperature.
- Do not keep perishable food in the heat.
- If your food is perishable freeze it promptly.
- Never defrost your food at high temperature.
- Avoid eating if it seems destroyed.
Food poisoning can occur anytime; sometimes, it can occur even after having normal food. So if it’s not too serious, then there is nothing to worry about. All you need it to be aware of what you’re eating. There are some foods that are heavy in nature, avoid eating such foods at night. Just be extra careful and follow the ways of prevention.