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Diseases Caused By High Cholesterol And Its Treatment

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Where on the one hand, cholesterol helps in your body functioning; on the other hand too much of it can result in severe health issues. Cholesterol is a type of waxy substance that is found in cells of the body and is produced by the liver. Cholesterol is used in making hormones, vitamin D, and other substances that help in digestion. High cholesterol causes a lot number of problems, and when high cholesterol combines with high blood pressure, it increases the risk of heart diseases multiple times. If they are not controlled, they eventually set the stage for heart attack and stroke as well as other problems too.

Causes of high cholesterol

There are some High Blood Pressure Causes. Few of them are as follows:

  • Poor diet
  • Obesity
  • Lack of exercise
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Increasing age
  • Family history

Diseases Caused By High Cholesterol

Surplus of cholesterol in the body form plaque in the body’s arteries. This causes blockage in the artery making it difficult for the oxygen-rich blood to pass through it. This results in lots of diseases. Some of them are:

  • Coronary heart disease: It is a major risk associated with high cholesterol. If your cholesterol is very high, then it builds up on the walls of the arteries resulting in atherosclerosis. Due to this arteries become narrowed and blood flow to the heart decreases
  • Stroke: Stroke is a condition that occurs when the blood vessel carrying oxygen gets blocked or bursts sometimes. Stroke reduces the blood supply to the brain
  • Peripheral arterial disease: High cholesterol causes Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD), which is a disease related to blood vessels that situate outside the heart and brain. It reduces the blood flow to feet and legs.
  • Type 2 diabetes: High cholesterol also results in Type 2 diabetes, as diabetes affects different cholesterol levels. People with diabetes have an increased level of triglycerides and results in increased chances of developing atherosclerosis.
  • High Blood Pressure: High cholesterol narrows the arteries, due to this heart has to strain harder to force blood through them, resulting in high blood pressure.
  • Heart attack: A blood clot can be formed at the plaque-rupture site. This blocks the flow of blood. When this blood flow stops, you experience a heart attack.

Effects Of High Cholesterol On Blood Pressure

It is always important to keep check up of your blood pressure. People experiencing high cholesterol often end up suffering from high blood pressure too. Let us define high blood pressure first. High blood pressure is a state where the force of your blood that pushes the wall of the arteries become too high. So along with high cholesterol, you also need to maintain the level of blood pressure before it increases a lot.

Treatment For High Cholesterol

Exercising daily and eating healthy is the best way to fight high cholesterol. But even after trying this, your cholesterol level remains high; you should opt for medical treatment. Initially, a blood test is conducted to check cholesterol levels. This is called a liquid panel or liquid profile. Some of the medical treatment are:

  • Statins: This block the substance your liver requires for developing cholesterol. It also helps to reabsorb cholesterol from the walls of arteries.
  • Bile-acid-binding resins: Bile acids are needed by the liver for digestion. Medicines like cholestyramine (Prevalite), colesevelam (Welchol) and colestipol (Colestid) help in lowering cholesterol by binding it indirectly to bile acids.
  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitors: your small intestine is responsible for absorbing cholesterol from your diet and then releasing it to the blood.
  • Injectable medications: drug PCSK9 inhibitors helps in absorbing more cholesterol. This reduces the level of cholesterol circulating in your blood.

Conclusion

Knowing your blood pressure and cholesterol level is essential to stay well. Living a well-balanced life and a healthy lifestyle is a way to healthy levels of cholesterol and blood pressure. To keep your Everything Health-related issues healthy, you must avoid smoking, exercise daily, follow a diet with low sodium, and maintaining a healthy weight.

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