When a person blood sugar or blood glucose levels in the body are too high, the person is said to have diabetes and is termed to be diabetic. It is this blood glucose that ensures that your body is able to receive the maximum energy from the food that one eats.
How do the cells of the body receive the energy that is present in the blood? Well, this is caused by the presence of a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. The hormone ensures that the energy in the blood glucose reaches the cells of the body.
Now, how is a person diabetic? It is when the same hormone (insulin), is produced in the body in minimal amounts or not at all. Due to this, the sugar remains in the bloodstream and does not enter the cells, and thus, no energy is created.
Symptoms of diabetes
There are mentioned three types of diabetes, and they are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Though the causes of the types of diabetes differ, the following symptoms are common to all of them.
- Increased hunger
- Increased thirst and the incessant need to pee all the time.
- Blurred vision
- Unexplained Weightloss
- Sores or hurts that take longer to heal
- Tingling or numbness in hands and feet
Diagnosis Of Diabetes Type 1 And 2
A health care professional can diagnose diabetes with the help of blood tests for type 1, type 2, as well as gestational diabetes. A woman has gestational diabetes when she develops diabetes while she is pregnant, and this is also diagnosed by doing blood tests.
Diagnosis of diabetes, type 1 and type 2 can be done in the following ways-
- Fasting plasma glucose test: The test is conducted to check for the blood glucose levels in the body at a particular time, usually on an empty stomach or 8 hours after consumption of any kind of food.
- A1C test: The A1C test is a test that takes place over the course of 3 months and a health care professional keeping a tab on the blood sugar levels. This test does not require one to fast. Other factors, such as age are also considered before giving the final diagnosis.
- Random plasma glucose test: This test is done in cases where the health care professionals cannot wait for you to be on an empty stomach. This test can be done at any time.
Risk Factors For Diabetes Type 1
The risk factors of Type 1 diabetes vary from those of the risk factors of Type 2 diabetes. In Type 1 diabetes, your own immune system may attack the pancreatic cells that produce the hormone insulin. This kind of diabetes usually exists in childhood.
The following factors could be considered as risk factors of Type 1 diabetes–
- Family history: If anyone in the family has diabetes, it immediately increases the chances of such a person getting diabetes as well.
- Pancreatic diseases: Pancreatic diseases can slow the organs ability to produce insulin, which helps in ensuring that the energy in blood glucose reaches the cells of the body.
- Illness or infection: Illnesses or infections which cause damage to the pancreas can also cause type 1 diabetes.
Risk Factor For Diabetes Type 2
The risk factors are type 2 diabetes is much simpler in nature, and one can get type 2 diabetes due to the lifestyle that he or she leads.
The following factors could be considered as risk factors of Type 2 diabetes–
- Obesity or overweight: One of the top reasons for type 2 diabetes has been found to be being obese or overweight. It is so because it stops the body cells from accepting the insulin.
- Low glucose tolerance: Also known as pre-diabetes, low glucose tolerance can lead to the person to eventually develop type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes: If a woman developed diabetes while being pregnant, it increases her chances of getting Type 2 diabetes later in life.
- Ethnic background: According to studies, people with Hispanic, African, and Asian backgrounds are more likely to develop diabetes than Caucasians.
- Family history: If anyone in the family has diabetes, it immediately increases the risk of diabetes for that person as well.
- Less or no physical activity: Not exercising or being lax in exercising can also be a contributing factor towards developing diabetes.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome: Women with PCOS are said to heat a higher risk of developing diabetes.
- Age: Age can affect the body as well since the system tends to start working slower within the body. Added to this being overweight, the chances of one developing diabetes increases incessantly.
To ensure Everything Health keep in mind that diabetes is caused by many due to the lifestyle that they lead. Type 1 diabetes is more genetic in behavior, and if such factors exist, one should take immense care of themselves and what they consume as food. Type 2 diabetes, however, can be caused due to lifestyle choices and can be curbed easily if one is cautious of what he puts inside of his body.