Breast cancer forms in the cells of the breasts. Breast cancer can occur in both males and females; however, it is more common in females than in males. According to statistics, breast cancer is the second most common cancer in women after skin cancer.
Over the years, there has quite an advent in the field of breast cancer support. Research centers and health clinics have been opened correctly to deal with breast cancer support, research and care. The death rates due to breast cancer have also declined in the previous years, which can be a result of more knowledge, early detection and better treatment approaches.
Breast Cancer Facts
As mentioned above, breast cancer is second most common cancer in women after skin cancer. Breast cancer can be caused to pay the woman and it does not necessarily depend upon the genetic markers. Factors such as hormones and environment could also contribute to a woman developing breast cancer.
Below are mentioned a few risk factors that can increase the probability of you developing breast cancer.
- Personal history of breast conditions can increase the risk of breast cancer.
- If you have personal history of breast cancer, the risk is that it may come back.
- If you have family history of cancer as it increases the risk of developing any disease.
- Increasing age can also be a risk factor for breast cancer.
- Maintaining a healthy weight is important to prevent breast cancer.
- If you have never had a baby the milk ducts have never been used and this can affect the breasts.
- If you have had a baby at an older age it increases the risk factors.
- Postmenopausal hormone therapy.
- Drinking alcohol not in moderation can be a significant risk factor towards breast cancer.
Causes of Breast Cancer
When a few breast cells begin to grow abnormally, they start to divide rapidly and create a lump which can cause breast cancer. These cancerous cells can also spread onto the lymph nodes and even other parts of the body.
Breast cancer can begin in the milk – producing ducts or the lobules or other cells and tissue present within the breast of women. According to researchers, hormones, lifestyle and environment are factors that affect the development of breast cancer. However, many believe that it is the genetic makeup of women in a given situation that increases the risk the most.
Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Breast cancer in women is a disease that can be fatal if not treated within time. Therefore, you will have to take immense care of yourself and keep checking for the following signs and symptoms of breast cancer. In case you notice one or more of the following, take a visit to your doctor.
- A lump in breast or thickening that is different from the tissue surrounding it.
- Changes in the appearance, shape or size of the breasts.
- Changes on the skin of the breast.
- A developed inverted nipple.
- Scaling, peeling, flaking or dusting of the skin on the breast or the pigmented area surrounding the nipples.
- Pitting or redness of the breasts.
As mentioned above, breast cancer death rates have declined over the previous years and the factors that have contributed in doing so is early detection and a better understanding of the disease. Therefore, if you suspect that you may be developing breast cancer, you should visit your doctor immediately.
Preventing breast cancer
Breast cancer is not only genetic. Women with no genetic markers for breast cancer can also get it. However, you can a few lifestyle changes that can reduce the risks of you developing breast cancer.
- After consulting your doctor, go in for breast cancer screening.
- Keep self-examining your breasts and look for any signs or symptoms of breast cancer.
- Try drinking alcohol in moderation, if you consume alcohol regularly.
- Exercise at least 5 days a week.
- Limit or do not take postmenopausal hormone therapy.
- Maintain healthy weight as well as healthy diet.
From the above article, we know that breast cancer in women is a common disease. Death rates over the years due to breast cancer have declined due to factors such as early detection, proper treatment and more awareness. The article also mentions various facts regarding breast cancer and the different signs and symptoms that you should be on a lookout for. The article also provides for the causes of breast cancer as well as the precautions you can take to help in the prevention of breast cancer.