According to research conducted by the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention in the US, at least 2 million people suffer from antibiotic resistance and approx. 23,000 people succumb the condition. Antibiotic resistance is dangerous as it limits the scope of treatments. The chances of a fatality are exorbitantly higher in cases of the patient suffering from an infection as the infection just accelerates upwards. People who are vulnerable to infections are advised to follow the preventive measures of this condition strictly to keep the fatal condition awry. Also, antibiotic resistance has no set standards for age. People of any age or any origin/ country can develop this condition.
Causes of Drug Resistance
- Over-Reliance or Consumption of Antibiotics- When we consume an antibiotic, it reacts and kills bacteria present at the site. In instances of over-consumption of antibiotics, some bacteria survive the implications of the harmful drug and start multiplying. This makes the bacteria grow stronger and develop resistance against the drugs.
- Incomplete Prescribed Antibiotic Course- It leverages an open invitation to the survival of bacteria. An incomplete antibiotic course fails to kill all the bacteria and hence, the survival.
- Poor Hygiene and Sanitation- Unhygienic environment opens a room for diseases and infections. The more a person falls ill, the more antibiotics he’ll require and ultimately the bacteria will win the opportunity of survival.
- Antibiotic Treated Food Items- Scientists have discovered that food items like meat or food obtained from farm animals promote drug resistance. The exposure of farm animals to contaminated water or unnecessary fertilizers carries forward the infections to humans who eat them.
Diseases that Emerge Due to the Resistance to Antibiotics
- HIV- Though HIV can be prevented by effective antiviral treatments, yet many fail to take the treatment due to the high costs involved. In such cases, drug-resistant stains start developing, making the ailment antibiotic resistant.
- Tuberculosis (TB)- TB is caused by bacterial infection and it is considered as a fatal ailment. When TB bacteria become drug resistant and overpower the strength of drugs the standard antibiotic treatments stop working. Close supervision is required in this case.
- Gonorrhea- It is a sexually transmitted disease that emerges due to bacterial infection. Researchers have discovered the cases of drug resistance in patients who suffer from gonorrhea.
- Malaria- Caused by the bite of a mosquito has now become antibiotic resistant. Researchers from several parts of the world have encountered that the medicines prescribed to a malaria patient become ineffective after a certain stage.
Preventing Antibiotic Resistance
The following are some measures that can help in the prevention of antibiotic resistance:
- Avoid the use of antibiotics without a prescription. Consult a doctor before taking any random medicine.
- Take all prescribed vaccinations on time and don’t miss any.
- While suffering ailments, complete the prescribed course of the medicines even when the symptoms subside.
- Never use drugs prescribed in previous prescriptions. Not all might apply to you the second time.
- Follow your doctor’s recommendations and never guide your doctor to prescribe antibiotics or any other drugs for you.
- Follow the best hygiene practices and keep your environment clean.
- Wash your hand before and after every meal to avoid the spread of bacteria.
- Use only those farm animals for consumption that are treated under the supervision of a veterinary doctor.
Drugs Intended for Antibiotic Resistance
Scientists and researchers are in continuous development for formulating strong drugs as an antidote for antibiotic resistance. However, they are yet to hit success. The available drugs are said to have a minimal impact on the multiplying bacteria. Hopes are on!!
Both, the behavior of bacteria and antibiotic intake plus hygiene are responsible for the development of antibiotic resistance. It brings in serious complications including death, hence, it is advisable to strictly follow the recommendations of your doctor and stay in a clean and sanitized environment. Follow the preventive measures and to know more connect with your doctor.