The term addiction not just only refers to physical or psychological dependence on severe substances like cocaine or heroin. A person cannot stop the habit of consuming a specific drug or some chemical substance dependence. Some kind of addiction involves an inability to put an end on involvement in activities, like eating, gambling, or working. In such circumstances, a person sometimes also makes behavioral addition. Some of the most common indications of addictions are loss of mind control, continued consumption or usage despite so many consequences, repeated failed at quitting attempts and withdrawal and tolerance. Dealing with addiction can be treated, prevented and managed by professionals with the constant support of family and friends.
What is the nature of addiction: Process addiction or substance addiction?
Addiction to a person can be in many different forms. In general, addiction is of two main types one is the process addiction and the other one is substance addiction.
This type of addiction usually occurs when a person becomes habitual to rewarding behavior which does not include intake of addictive substances, like sex, gambling, or eating. Process addiction referred to compulsive behaviors or behavioral addictions and it involves any compulsive action despite many negative consequences. In such cases, people suffer from behavioral dependence on particular processes- they become reliant upon or sometimes controlled by those addictions.
Substance addiction is an adaptive state which a person develops from frequent drug administration. People with such addiction find it hard to quit on drug use. Substance addition starts rule their mind as well as body. Addictive behaviors like sex, eating, gambling, and excessive internet or mobile use all encourage the brain’s system just like addictive substances. The brains system on such addictive substances releases neurotransmitters like dopamine. The release of neurotransmitters leads people to look out for more a pleasurable and satisfying experience.
The main difference between substance and behavioral addiction is that when compulsive behaviors affect is affects by indirectly affecting brains system while substances addiction physically manipulate neurotransmitters.
What are some of the risk factors associated with addiction?
As with other types of diseases, there are some addiction risk factors including:
- Certain characteristics which can make someone defenseless to addictive substances to what the average person.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Psychological factors (like stress, sensation seeking, anxiety, Depression, psychiatric or other common personality disorders).
- Starting nicotine, alcohol, or frequent consumption of drug use.
- Environmental influences (for example, exposure to sexual, physical, or trauma or emotional abuse).
Dealing with Addiction
Tips to keep in mind about people who dealing with addiction
People who struggle with addiction understand the horror of behind the addiction. It develops a physical as well as a psychological dependency which is followed by the mental and emotional process which goes an individual’s hand-in-hand with the cause. Below are some tips that should be kept in mind while dealing with people who struggles with addiction:
- Addiction lies inside within: Finding out about addiction is difficult as initially, no one feels they are developing a particular habit. A person with addiction focuses more on what he/she has lost rather than what he/she has. It is important to make them realize that they haven’t lost anything.
- Addiction is not a weakness or failing: Those struggling with this chronic disease should be counseled in order to make them understand that just sick and it has no association with weakness or failing.
- Shame is the main barrier in quitting: People with addiction sometimes experience shame. They don’t feel comfortable because of their bad habits. Sometimes they judge themselves by calling their own self’s loser, fool, or a cheater.
- Love won’t treat them: People with addiction are often moody they don’t appreciate any type of closeness. The only way to treat them is by offering the right guidance.
- Addiction is an illness: If anyone in the family struggles with addition it somewhere affects the entire family. The bond of trust is broken somewhere between the members which explode in the form of regrets and emotions.
It is necessary to understand that addiction is treatable illness and requires support of the family members and friends. The secret key to the recovery process is by breaking the silence and by asking out for help.